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   Country Profile

Area: Total:1,001,450 sq km - land: 995,450 sq km - water: 6,000 sq km
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and Israel, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
Geographic coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E
Area comparative: Slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico
Capital: Cairo
Population: 74,718,797 (July 2003 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.88%
Official language: Arabic
Land boundaries: 2,665 km
Border countries: Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan
Coastline: 1,273 km
Maritime claims: 2,450 km
Continental shelf: Contiguous zone: 24 NM - territorial sea: 12 NM
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
International airports: Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada, Sharm Al- Sheikh.
Main cities: Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan.
Governing System: Democracy, Republic, 26 governorates
GDP real growth rate: 3.2% (2002 est.)
Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)
Exchange rate: 6,11= 1 USD
Inflation rate: 4.3%
Industries: Textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals.
Measures: Metric system
Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
Time: GMT +2
Working Hours: Sunday to Thursday: 9h to 13h - 13h30 to 17h00
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